Home > By-Laws > 3279-2017 OPA Source Water Protection

3279-2017 OPA Source Water Protection

3279-2017 Official Plan Amendment – Source Water Protection


This By-Law refers to the Official Plan By-Law.

Passed by Council January 9, 2017

By-law No. 3279-2017

WHEREAS pursuant to the provisions of Section 17 of the Planning Act, R.S.O. 1990, as
amended, the Corporation of the Township of Augusta considers it desirable to adopt
Official Plan Amendment No. 3.

AND WHEREAS the Council of the Corporation of the Township of Augusta is required to
prepare, adopt and submit an Official Plan Amendment to the United Counties of Leeds
and Grenville for approval.

NOW THEREFORE BE IT ENACTED by the Council of the Corporation of the Township of
Augusta that:

1. That the Township of Augusta Official Plan Amendment No.3 consisting of the
attached text and map Schedule ‘A’ is hereby adopted.

2. The Clerk is hereby authorized to make application to the United Counties of
Leeds and Grenville for approval of Official Plan Amendment No. 3 to the
Township of Augusta Official Plan.

3. This By-law shall come into force and take effect upon final reading thereof.

READ a first time this 9 day of January, 2017.

READ a second time this 9 day of January 2017.

READ a third time and passed this 9 day of January 2017.

Signed by Mayor Doug Malanka and Clerk Annette Simonian


to the


to the
of the

PART A THE PREAMBLE does not constitute part of this Amendment.

PART B THE AMENDMENT, consisting of the explanatory text and attached
Schedule, constitutes Amendment No.3 to the Official Plan of the Township of Augusta

PART C- APPENDICES does not constitute part of this Amendment.



The Clean Water Act, 2006, requires that all municipalities develop source water
protection plans for provincial approval. These plans are to be developed through
source protection committees which are based on source water protection areas. In
the case of the Township of Augusta the committee was appointed on the basis of
the Raisin River watershed and the South Nation River watershed which together
make up the source water protection area.

The committee known as the Raisin-South Nation Source Protection Committee was
required to develop a Source Protection Plan under the Clean Water Act, 2006. As
part of the Plan’s development, the working group developed an explanatory report
which provides the background rational used by the working group to develop
source water protection policies. The Explanatory Report was the primary document
used to develop this preamble. The following is a direct quote from the Report which
provides insight into the Committee’s approach to developing the Source Water
Protection Plan:

“The Source Protection Policy Working Group and Source Protection Committee
defined their guiding principles before developing the Source Protection policies. The
following criteria were always considered when evaluating policy options:

• Effectiveness: would the policy effectively protect sources of drinking water;
• Appropriateness: would the policy be practical and avoid regulatory
duplication; and
• Fiscal Responsibility: would the policy be cost-effective and reasonable.

The Working Group debated the feasibility of various policy options based on these
criteria. The Working Group also weighed each policy option against possible
alternatives and the availability of regulatory and non-regulatory instruments. The
Committee always decided on the most reasonable option that was able to effectively
manage or eliminate the significant drinking water threat.”

Augusta Township does not have a municipal water system or communal water
systems. However a small area in the south east part of the municipality does fall in an
area identified for the protection of the municipal water supply intake, the Intake
Protection Zone or IPZ, for the Town of Prescott. Areas in Augusta Township have
been identified as having the potential to impact the water supply for the Town of
Prescott. Accordingly it is necessary to ensure that appropriate policies and regulations
are in place to protect the water supply for the neighbouring municipality.


The purpose of this Official Plan Amendment is to provide a policy framework which is
designed to meet the requirements of the Drinking Water Source Protection Plan,
prepared by South Nation Conservation, and which was subsequently approved by the
Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change under the Clean Water Act, 2006 in
April of 2015.

Furthermore, this Official Plan Amendment, will implement source water protection
policies of the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville Official Plan.


The Drinking Water Source Protection Plan, prepared by South Nation Conservation
includes a map which demonstrates the area which has the potential to impact the
Town of Prescott water intake (see exhibit 1 on the following page).

As can be seen on the map schedule, there are 2 separate designations which apply to
properties located within the vulnerability area. These are Intake Protection Zone 1
(IPZ-1) and Intake Protection Zone 2 (IPZ-2).

The Source Protection Plan identifies a number of policies which apply in
these areas. The Source Protection Plan policies form the primary basis for
the policy framework proposed in this OPA. The following Table provides a
summary of the Source Protection Plan policies which apply. In essence
Source Water Protection policies apply in all of the areas that are marked
with an X. The Table also provides direction on the implementation
authority. It is important to note that the municipality always has a role to
play, though in most cases the role is limited to the authority provided in the
Township’s Official Plan and Zoning By-law.

There are 3 areas where policies will be required in order to implement source water
protection. These are General IPZ Policies, Sewage Works and Agricultural Activities.

General IPZ Policies

The Source Water Protection Plan includes a few policies which are general in nature
but which nevertheless be recognized. The first is to recognize Intake Protection Zones
with a vulnerability scale of 8 or higher in municipal emergency response plans. This
would require

• Maps of the Wellhead Protection Areas and Intake Protection Zones
• Emergency contact numbers and protocols for the respective water
treatment plant operating authority
• Measures to prevent contamination of the drinking water source from
spills and/or chemicals used to deal with an emergency (including fire

The Source Protection Plan also provides that signage be placed within IPZ’s located
along a municipal arterial road. This is the case in Augusta as County Road 2 is
immediately adjacent to the IPZ -1. The Plan provides that municipalities will be

map showing the area effected

Table 24: Prescott - Activities, Vulnerable Areas, Threats and Policies

for the purchase, installation and maintenance of appropriate signs designed by the
Province in collaboration with the Source Protection Agency. As County Road 2 is an
upper tier responsibility the policy should direct the United Counties to proceed with
implementation of this requirement.

Sewage Works

Table 24 of the Source Water Protection Plan shows those components of sewage
works for which the Plan includes some policy restriction. These are:

– Combined Sewer Discharge
-Storm Water Pond Effluent
-Industrial Effluent Discharges
– Sewage Treatment Bypass
– Sewage Treatment Effluent

Of these restrictions only one, Storm Water Pond Effluent, has any relevance to the
Township as all of the others are piped services outside of Augusta’s control. In
essence new storm water management facilities are prohibited within IPZ 1 zones
where the vulnerability factor is 8 or higher. The Source Protection Plan policy reads as

“The future establishment, operation, and maintenance of a stormwater
management facility is prohibited within the WHPA-A or IPZ-1 where
stormwater discharges would be a significant drinking water threat.
Accordingly, decisions relating to Prescribed Instruments (Environmental
Compliance Approvals) must conform with these policies. In addition,
decisions made by planning authorities under the Planning Act, 1990 must
conform with these policies.”

Agricultural Activities

Table 24 of the Source Water Protection Plan shows those components of agricultural
activities for which the Plan includes some policy restriction. These are:

-Application of Agricultural Source Material
– Storage of Agricultural Source Material
-Application of Non Agricultural Source Material
– Storage of Non Agricultural Source Material
– Grazing -Agricultural Source Material Generation
– Pasturing – Farm Animals

All of the above agricultural activities have the potential to impact drinking water but
only when the activity takes place in an area identified by the Source Water Protection
Plan as Intake Protection Zone 1. Areas identified as Intake Protection Zone 2 are not
subject to restrictions related to agricultural activity. The IPZ 1 zone is very limited in
Augusta Township, being located across the waterfront to a depth equivalent to a
typical residential lot.


In order to meet the provincial requirements related to source water protection the
Township of Augusta Official Plan will require the introduction of some policy direction
to reflect and implement the intent of the approved Source Water Protection Plan.


All of this part of the document entitled Part B – THE AMENDMENT, consisting of
the attached map (Schedule A) and the explanatory text, constitutes Amendment
No.3 to the Official Plan of the Township of Augusta.


1. Section 8 Making It Work- Planning Our Infrastructure is hereby amended by
inserting a new subsection as follows:

8.2 Source Water Protection

8.2.1 Overview

The Clean Water Act requires local municipalities to look at the existing and
potential threats to drinking water sources and to set out and implement the
actions necessary to reduce or eliminate significant threats. To that end a
Source Water Protection Plan was approved by the province in April 2015,
which Plan must now be implemented through a number of avenues including
land use planning policies and regulations.

8.2.2 Vulnerable Areas
Vulnerable areas are shown on Schedule B of the Augusta Township Official

8.2.3 Prohibited Uses

The following uses are prohibited in accordance with the Clean Water Act, on
lands identified as Source Water Protection Area on Schedule A attached
hereto and forming part of this amendment:

a. Storm water pond effluent
b. The application of agricultural source material to land.
c. The storage of agricultural source material.
d. The management of agricultural source material.
e. The application of non-agricultural source material to land.
f. The handling and storage of non-agricultural source material.
g. Livestock grazing and pasturing where the number of animals on the
land at any time is sufficient to generate nutrients at an annual rate that
is greater than 0.5 nutrient units/acre
h. Outdoor confinement areas and farm-animal yards

8.2.4 Risk Management Officer Exemption

If the Risk Management Officer or another person duly qualified under the
Clean Water Act determines that there is no significant risk, then a use listed
above may be permitted without the need for an amendment to this Plan,
where such use would otherwise be permitted.

8.2.5 Residential Exemption

Section 8.2.3 does not apply where the only use of the land is residential.

2. That Schedule ‘8’ to the Official Plan of the Township of Augusta is amended by
designating an are as “Source Water Protection Overlay” as shown on Schedule ‘A’
to this amendment.


map showing the effected area


4.4.2 Source Water Protection

The protection, conservation and careful management of groundwater resources is
necessary to meet the present and future needs of residents, businesses, visitors,
and the flora and fauna within the natural environment. Surface and groundwater
must be protected across the Counties to ensure a clean water baseflow for creeks,
streams, ponds and wetlands. The protection of groundwater and surface water is
also necessary to ensure clean and plentiful drinking water supplies. Source
Protection Plans prepared pursuant to the Clean Water Act have identified
vulnerable areas, as well as policies to protect them to ensure the protection of the
quality and quantity of drinking water sources.

It is the policy of the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville that:

a) The Counties and local municipalities will support and participate in initiatives that
implement the Clean Water Act, as required, and ensure coordination amongst local
municipalities. All three Source Protection Plans applicable to the Counties have
been approved and are required to be implemented through appropriate Official Plan
policies and mapping.

Appendix 3 illustrates the Source Water Protection Areas applicable to
the Counties, and identifies designated vulnerable areas, including municipal
wellhead protection areas, surface water intake protection zones, highly vulnerable
aquifers, and significant groundwater recharge areas, based on the associated
Source Protection Assessment Reports and GIS data provided by the Conservation

b) Local municipal Official Plans will implement restrictions on development and site
alteration to protect all municipal drinking water supplies and designated vulnerable
areas, and protect, improve or restore vulnerable and sensitive surface and ground
water features and their hydrologic functions, in accordance with the significant
threat policies of the applicable Source Protection Plan.

c) As approval authorities, the Counties and local municipalities will require
development to adhere to the Source Protection Plans. Pre-consultation with the
Counties and/or local municipality, as appropriate, will be required for development
applications in designated vulnerable areas.

Enter your email and a link to reset your password will be sent to you.

Sign up for an account

I am a resident of Augusta Township

*You will receive a verification code via email if you have not verified your email already.

I am a resident of Augusta Township

Enter the verification code that was sent to you.